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Table 3 Results of generalized estimating equation (GEE) analysis for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and gallstones with their risk ratio (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI)

From: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease associated with gallstones in females rather than males: a longitudinal cohort study in Chinese urban population

  Age-adjusted Multivariate-adjusted
  RR 95% CI P value RR 95% CI P value
All 1.427 1.171-1.738 <0.001 1.238 1.003-1.528 0.047
Male 1.188 0.931-1.515 0.166 1.007 0.769-1.318 0.961
Female 1.807 1.277-2.558 0.001 1.707 1.245-2.341 0.001
  1. The association between NAFLD and gallstones was assessed by multiple GEE analysis with age, BMI, SBP, ALB, GLO, TG and GLU adjustment in all participants.
  2. The association between NAFLD and gallstones was assessed by multiple GEE analysis with age, BMI, SBP, GLO, ALB, GLU, TG and WBC adjustment in male.
  3. The association between NAFLD and gallstones was assessed by multiple GEE analysis with gender, age, ALB, GLO and GLU adjustment in female.