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Table 3 Comorbidity and habit (Male)

From: Male sex and history of ischemic heart disease are major risk factors for anastomotic leakage after laparoscopic anterior resection in patients with rectal cancer

Parameter Anastomotic leakage (+) Anastomotic leakage (−) p
n = 18 n = 82
Any comorbidity, n (%) 16 (89) 62 (76) 0.35
 Hypertension, n (%) 9 (50) 38 (46) 0.80
 Ischemic Heart Disease, n (%) 6 (33) 7 (9) 0.012
 Arrhythmia, n (%) 1 (6) 4 (49) 1.00
 Cerebrovascular Disease, n (%) 3 (17) 6 (7) 0.20
 Asthma, n (%) 1 (6) 2 (2) 0.45
 COPD, n (%) 0 (0) 3 (4) 1.00
 Diabetes Mellitus, n (%) 7 (39) 23 (28) 0.40
 Dyslipidemia, n (%) 1 (6) 14 (17) 0.30
Smoking, n (%) 4 (22) 14 (17) 0.78
The use of antiplatelet and/or anticoagulant agent, n (%) 6 (33) 20 (24) 0.55