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Table 2 Comparison of the outcomes between the two groups

From: Bowel obstruction associated with a feeding jejunostomy and its association to weight loss after thoracoscopic esophagectomy

  BOFJ
(n = 17)
Non-BOFJ
(n = 83)
P value
Sex, Male, n (%) 14 (82.4) 67 (80.7) 1.000
Age, years, median (range) 67 (52–85) 67 (43–81) 0.639
Stage I / II / III / IV, n 5 / 6 / 5 / 1 20 / 19 / 32 / 12 0.823
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy, n (%) 10 (58.8) 64 (77.1) 0.117
Preoperative body weight, median (range), (kg) 59.8 (43.1–75.9) 55.6 (39.9–78.0) 0.053
Preoperative BMI, median (range), (kg / m2) 23.3 (19.3–29.3) 20.9 (15.1–30.0) 0.022
Laparoscopic procedure, n (%) 17 (100.0) 70 (84.3) 0.080
Operative time, median (range), (min) 591 (456–825) 613 (473–859) 0.891
Blood loss, median (range), (mL) 170 (50–490) 170 (40–1600) 0.920
Complications, n (%)
 Pneumonia 1 (5.9) 11 (13.3) 0.394
 Anastomotic leakage 1 (5.9) 11 (13.3) 0.394
 Recurrent nerve palsy 4 (23.5) 24 (28.9) 0.652
 Surgical site infection 3 (17.7) 18 (21.7) 0.710
 Hospital stay, median (range), (days) 17 (13–47) 19 (10–201) 0.505
 Residual cancer, n (%) 3 (17.7) 8 (9.6) 0.392
 Adjuvant therapy, n (%) 11 (64.7) 43 (51.8) 0.426
 Cancer recurrence, n (%) 2 (11.8) 24 (28.9) 0.142
Postoperative weight, median (range), (kg)
 1 months 55.2 (38.0–71.0) 52.0 (38.0–74.0) 0.317
 3 months 51.5 (34.0–68.0) 50.0 (33.5–73.0) 0.418
 6 months 50.0 (36.0–64.0) 48.3 (35.4–70.0) 0.605
 12 months 49.0 (37.0–63.0) 52.0 (36.0–70.0) 0.837
Postoperative weight rate, median (range), (%)
 1 months 90.1 (84.4–97.5) 93.8 (80.8–109.2) 0.018
 3 months 84.2 (76.9–91.6) 89.3 (74.4–102.6) 0.002
 6 months 82.5 (73.7–88.7) 87.0 (71.1–105.7) 0.001
 12 months 80.4 (69.3–93.6) 88.9 (64.0–111.8) <  0.001
Patient’s stature
 Length of the abdominal axis, median (range), (mm) 325 (265–380) 330 (270–380) 0.624
 Distance between the site of jejunostomy and midline, median (range), (mm) 40 (22–63) 48 (20–70) 0.011
 Distance between the site of jejunostomy and navel line, median (range), (mm) 20 (5–75) 35 (0–150) 0.240
 Distance between the site of jejunostomy and xiphoid process line, median (range), (mm) 100 (60–180) 110 (50–180) 0.051
  1. BOFJ; bowel obstruction associated with a feeding jejunostomy, BMI; body mass index