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Table 4 Comparison of pathological findings by participants with H. pylori positive and negative

From: Helicobacter pylori infection in Iran: demographic, endoscopic and pathological factors

Pathological findings Total
N = 233
n (%)
H. pylori positive N = 109
n (%)a
H. pylori negative N = 124
n (%)
P value
Neutrophil infiltration 124 (53.2) 94 (75.8) 30 (24.2) 0.001
Abscess + mucin decrease 1 (0.04) 1 (100.0) 0 (0.0) 0.4
Normal gastric glands 80 (34.3) 2 (2.5) 78 (98.5) 0.001
Complete intestinal metaplasia 12 (5.1) 12 (100.0) 0 (0.0) 0.001
Incomplete intestinal metaplasia 28 (12.1) 27 (96.4) 1 (3.6) 0.001
Atrophy 84 (36.0) 44 (52.4) 40 (47.6) 0.1
High grade dysplasia 1 (0.04) 1 (100.0) 0 (0.0) 0.4
  1. P values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant
  2. Table shows the various pathologic findings. Significantly more patients with H. pylori positive had neutrophil infiltration, complete intestinal metaplasia, and incomplete intestinal metaplasia compared with patients without H. pylori
  3. H. pylori Helicobacter pylori
  4. a%s may not add up to 100 as one patient be diagnosed with more than one Pathological finding