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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of 206 study participants

From: Susceptibility to intestinal infection and diarrhoea in Zambian adults in relation to HIV status and CD4 count

  Male Female
n 70 136
Age (median, IQR) 38 (31–49) 31 (25–40)
Age (range) 21–74 18–79
HIV seropositive at baseline 14/60 (23%) 39/117 (33%)
Seroconverted to HIV during follow-up 2 4
CD4 count (cells/μl) if HIV positive (median, IQR) (range) 210 (125–432) (40–929) 299 (177–399) (51–810)
CD4 count (cells/μl) if HIV negative (median, IQR) (range) 742 (583–797) (269–1184) 812 (664–1001) (384–1623)
BMI (kg/m2) (median, IQR) 19.7 (18.1–21.5) 21.7 (19.9–24.6)
BMI below 18.5 kg/m2 25/75 (33%) 18/124 (15%)
Serum retinol (μmol/l) (median, IQR) 1.91 (1.52–2.41) 1.62 (1.30–2.08)
Hygiene score (median, IQR) 3 (2–5) 2 (2–6)
  1. IQR, interquartile range; CD4, cluster differentiation antigen 4; HIV, human immunodeficiency virus; BMI, body mass index. P value refers to Kruskal-Wallis test of difference between medians, or Fisher's exact test of difference between proportions.
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